A content management system is a application that supports the creation and modification of digital content using a simple interface to abstract away low-level details unless required, usually supporting multiple users working in a collaborative environment
CMS features vary widely. Most CMSs include Web-based publishing, format management, history editing and version control, indexing, search, and retrieval. By their nature, content management systems support the separation of content and presentation.
A web content management system (WCM or WCMS) is a CMS designed to support the management of the content of Web pages. Most popular CMSs are also WCMSs. Web content includes text and embedded graphics, photos, video, audio, maps, and code (e.g., for applications) that displays content or interacts with the user.
Such a content management system (CMS) typically has two major components:
- A content management application (CMA) is the front-end user interface that allows a user, even with limited expertise, to add, modify and remove content from a Web site without the intervention of a webmaster.
- A content delivery application (CDA) compiles that information and updates the Web site.
Digital asset management systems are another type of CMS. They manage things such as documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers and scientific data. CMSs can also be used for storing, controlling, revising, and publishing documentation.
One of the most popular content management system options is WordPress, used by over 25% of websites on the internet.Other content management systems include Joomla, Drupal, and SharePoint.
Content management systems will often contain the following features:
- SEO-friendly URLs
- Integrated and online help
- Modularity and extensibility
- User and group functionality
- Templating support for changing designs
- Install and Upgrade wizards
- Integrated audit logs
- Compliancy with various accessibility frameworks and standards,
- Reduced need to code from scratch
- The ability to create a website quickly
- The ability to create a unified look and feel
- Version control
- Edit permission management
- Limited or no ability to create functionality not envisioned in the CMS (layouts, web apps, etc.)
- Increased need for special expertise and training for content authors